What is a Membrane Viral Infection?

A virus is an arbovirus, a submicroscopic infectious agent that replicates almost instantly within the living cells of an infected organism. Viruses mostly infect all kinds of living organisms, from plants and animals to bacteria and archaeans, including eukaryotic cells, the invading virus which enters the host cell. Some viruses belong to the phylum Vaginoplasma Viraloviridae, others belong to the herpesvirus family and others to the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). A lot of viruses are retrovirals (viruses that multiply after being infected with another virus), and others belong to the envelope virus family.


envelope virus: This family contains several varieties of retroviruses. The most familiar of these is the herpes simplex virus (HSV), which is responsible for the majority of genital warts outbreaks. This virus also replicates in the body’s cells, causing cellular death through inflammation. Since the virus is envelope shaped, it is enveloped within the host cell; thus, the virus becomes part of the host’s total cellular structure and it is consequently called a cellular envelope virus.

Cell-invading viruses are very dangerous, because they invade the DNA of living cells. They have the ability to alter the genetic instructions within the genes of the cells they occupy. If the invading virus is already present in the host cell, changes occur without prior notice. Some of the changes caused by envelope viruses are structural in nature and they can lead to organ failure or cancer. The invading virus might invade a specific area of the cellular membrane, making it difficult for the body to function normally.

The envelope virus latches on to the surface of the cell wall, activating the insertive polymerase which allows it to copy its RNA genome. The virus then divides uncontrollably through the replicated copies resulting in changes that affect cellular functions. These changes are as a result of the viral envelope damaging parts of the host cell’s DNA, disrupting the genetic instructions needed for normal functioning. The damaging incurs mutations which can ultimately lead to the formation of a cancerous tumor.

While the virus envelope replicates and spreads through the body, it also damages healthy cellular structures. This results to abnormal development of tissues and organs. When this happens, abnormal growths and tumors form, manifesting as lumps, swellings, and masses in the various body areas. The virus may spread to other areas of the body when the damaged cells travel with the body fluid and they find their way back to the lungs, blood vessels, and other areas.

envelope viruses are of two types: enveloped and non-enveloped. Enveloped viruses are enveloped in their own genetic material that prevents them from spreading to the body fluids. Non-enveloped viruses do not contain any genetic material and hence cannot be enveloped. The non-enveloped types of virus mostly attack the skin, eye, mucous membranes, and other bodily tissues.